Aishath Saba, 10A
Lack of education of women is very clear in the world due to social issues, problems and restrictions against women. This applies especially to women who belong to lower and middle class families, who suffer more than the women of higher classes. Women in society face problems of discrimination, lack of access to education, gender wage gap, violence, etc.
Gender discrimination against women starts at birth. Gender lines are drawn early, and ostracism for women continue throughout adulthood. From the moment we are born, both boys and girls are subject to stereotypes. Challenges in the form of discrimination for women begin in childhood as young girls may be brought up to believe that they are only suited for certain professions or, in some cases, only to serve as wives and mothers. Even though there are more men than womenstarting businesses, there are more women in the workforce. Men are dominating industries that are often seen as “female.”
Moreover, in many jobs women are paid less than the men — even if the woman is in a higher position than her male coworker, she is paid less because of the simple fact that she is a woman. In school, girls are more likely than boys to be discouraged from participating in sports, and clubs like debate, math, and science. Instead, they are more often encouraged to participate in after-school volunteer work, social programs, and more passive activities. Upon reaching adolescence, women are often encouraged, or even pressured, into pursuing higher education in stereotypical female-oriented professions, like teaching, nursing, caregiving, retail, and office administration.
Many women around the world do not have the privilege of attending school. Much of this is because of poverty, but a lot of that also has to do with gender discrimination: discouraging women to get educated and expecting them to stay home and take care of the children and the household. In essence, doing more expressive roles, since seeking jobs, getting educated, and being in powerful positions is not considered “womanly” in society.
With increasing numbers of women joining the workforce, being in a job is source of satisfaction for many who have been advocating women empowerment and, there is no denying that the trends in the society have changed considerably in the favour of women. However, these working women do double or triple shift as they are expected to work, take care of the household, and then take care of their families as well — the latter especially because childrearing isn’t considered a “man’s” job. Due to this, society pressures women to leave their work and stay home — something that eventually happens in a lot of cases, where women have to leave their jobs, either because they’re pregnant or married.
Violence against women is another worldwide issue. About 270,000 women and girls are victims to rape of sexual assault. Women suffer from domestic violence, which is very often carried out by men against women.