Lakshmi Dipukumar, 11A
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an African-American civil rights activist. She was called the “Mother of the Modern-Day American civil rights movement” and “the mother of the freedom movement.” She literally stood up against the racial discrimination of black people under the system of Apartheid.
Parks is best known for what she did in her home town of Montgomery, Alabama on December 1, 1955. While she sat in a seat in the middle of the bus, the bus driver told her to move to the back of the bus so a white passenger could take the seat in the front of the bus. During this time, when there was no white seats for white people, black people were told to get up out of their seat. Parks refused to move.
She was a member of the local chapter of National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Like so many others, she was tired of being treated as a lower class person because of the color of her skin.
She was arrested. This led to the Montgomery bus boycott. The boycott lasted 381 days, causing a change in the law. After that, black people could sit wherever they wanted to on the bus.
Her refusal to let others treat her differently was an important symbol in the campaign against racial segregation.